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Handwriting Assessment

Handwriting Assessment involves evaluating handwriting legibility, pencil grip, and visual perception, resembling the DASH assessment. However, unlike the DASH assessment which primarily focuses on handwriting speed, this assessment delves deeper into various aspects of handwriting quality. For instance, it scrutinizes letter formation, spacing, alignment, legibility, and consistency in slope and letter size. The objective of this assessment is to identify underlying deficiencies in the foundational elements of handwriting. By pinpointing specific areas requiring improvement within the intricate process of handwriting, therapists can devise a more precise and effective therapy treatment plan.

Where and how is the handwriting assessment completed?

The Handwriting assessment can be conducted either in a clinical setting, at home, or at school. During the assessment, the therapist instructs the child to write a given sentence.

Additionally, depending on the child's age, the therapist may request them to write a sentence from memory to compare free-written letters against copied letters. Generally, it's easier to copy a sentence than to write from memory, as patterns required for letter formation can be visually copied rather than retrieved from memory. This comparison aids in identifying any gaps in understanding letter formation, which might otherwise hinder future writing development.

Subsequently, the therapist evaluates the writing using a comprehensive handwriting checklist, covering crucial aspects like letter formation, uniformity of slope and size, spacing, alignment, and legibility. Each aspect is scored from 0 to 5, with 5 indicating correct formation of all letters. These scores serve as a quantitative measure of handwriting proficiency, facilitating accurate tracking of improvement over the course of treatment.

Which issues warrant a handwriting assessment?

The following difficulties are indicative of areas where occupational therapy intervention can be beneficial. Conducting a handwriting assessment can help identify these issues and provide therapists with valuable insights to guide treatment options:

  • Handwriting appears shaky or lacks stability

  • Letters are poorly formed or inconsistently shaped

  • Writing appears misaligned or drifts across the page

  • Letter size is either excessively large or small

  • Handwriting is difficult to decipher or read

  • Concerns regarding handwriting performance have been raised by teachers or the school in comparison to peers

  • Incorrect pencil grip is observed or a tripod grip is absent

  • Hand or arm exhibits physical tremors during writing tasks

  • Fine motor control appears compromised

If you suspect that your child struggles with handwriting or is lagging behind their peers, seeking an Occupational Therapy assessment is likely to be beneficial.

Occupational therapists can help all kinds of children, including those that do not have an identified condition. Poor handwriting can have a detrimental effect on later life, therefore by ensuring your child is assessed and treated at a young age, you are offering them a better future.

What does the handwriting assessment evaluate?


The occupational therapist utilizes the handwriting assessment to gain comprehensive insights into how poor handwriting impacts your child's academic performance and school life. This involves conducting detailed discussions and practical assessments to understand how handwriting difficulties affect functionality and to identify potential underlying reasons.

Impact on Academic Performance: Poor handwriting can unfairly influence your child's academic performance, particularly in settings where cognitive assessments are primarily conducted through handwritten tests. For instance, in English assessments, proficiency in understanding alphabets, phonics, and sentence structures is evaluated through both verbal and written responses. Similarly, in mathematics, timed mental assessments necessitate swift and legible handwriting to effectively process and transcribe answers.

Consequently, struggles with handwriting clarity and legibility can hinder your child's ability to accurately convey their understanding, potentially impacting test scores.

Impact on Home Life: These handwriting challenges can extend into the home environment, where the child may develop aversion towards writing tasks, finding activities such as filling out forms or writing cards burdensome. Such difficulties can strain parent-child relationships and contribute to stress within the household dynamics.

Social and Behavioral Implications: Furthermore, the therapist employs the handwriting assessment, coupled with clinical expertise, to identify any behavioral issues stemming from a lack of confidence in writing ability or frustration with peers' superior writing skills. These underlying emotional connections to handwriting difficulties may manifest as disruptive behavior or acting out. By delving into these hidden emotions through the assessment and discussions with your child, the therapist aims to identify and address any emotional barriers affecting handwriting proficiency.

What documentation will I receive post-Handwriting assessment?


After the assessment, you have the option to obtain a comprehensive Handwriting report detailing the assessment findings. This report will provide an intricate analysis of how the condition affects your daily life, accompanied by a tailored treatment plan and recommendations aimed at enhancing your overall functional abilities.

Treatment Post-Handwriting Assessment


After a handwriting assessment, our occupational therapists provide a variety of treatment options and interventions tailored to meet individual needs. Here are some examples of the treatments we offer:

  1. Fine motor skills' therapy to enhance dexterity and precision.

  2. Handwriting improvement programs designed to refine writing abilities.

  3. Multi-sensory approaches to handwriting enhancement, incorporating tactile, visual, and auditory stimuli.

  4. Implementation of SMART therapy goals, ensuring specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound objectives.

  5. Outcome-based re-assessment to gauge progress and adjust treatment strategies accordingly.

In summary, if you've observed that your child isn't progressing in their writing skills as rapidly as their peers, there may be underlying factors contributing to this. A handwriting assessment conducted by an occupational therapist serves as a valuable tool to identify these factors and establish the foundation for targeted treatment interventions. Handwriting proficiency significantly influences various aspects of an individual's life, from academic performance to daily activities. Addressing handwriting difficulties at a young age is crucial, as the brain is more adaptable to learning during this developmental stage.

If you're interested in scheduling a handwriting assessment or would like to learn more, please don't hesitate to reach out.

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